Coffee History in Brief
A popular myth concerning the first documented discovery of coffee hails from Ethiopia (some say Arabia) in 850 AC.
A goat herder named Kaldi notices his goats are friskier after eating the strange red berries, so he tries them himself and history takes its course...
The first extensive cultivation of coffee occurs during the 15th and 16th centuries, in the Yemen region of Arabia.
Coffee as we know it is invented at the end of 15th century, as roasting and crushing the coffee beans and then extracting their flavor with hot water grows in acceptance.
Coffee hits Europe around 1600, in Venice Italy.
The first coffeehouse opens in Italy in 1654.
By 1763, Venice has over 2,000 coffee shops.
Captain John Smith brings coffee to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607, its first introduction to the New World, although there are claims that it reached Canada first.
The first coffeehouse opens in England in 1652.
Lloyd's of London, presently the world's best - known insurance company, begins its life as Edward Lloyd's Coffeehouse in 1688.
In 1773 Americans revolt against King George's oppressive Tea Tax and the Continental Congress declares coffee the official national beverage of the nascent America.
In 1723, French naval officer, Gabriel Mathieu de Clieu, takes (some say stole, others claim nourished) a seedling to Martinique, thus beginning the Latin American coffee phenomenon.
Within 50 years an official survey records 19 million coffee trees on Martinique.
The French created the first rudimentary espresso machine in 1822, but the Italians advanced the process and the machine, manufacturing the first commercial espresso maker in 1905.
In 1945, Achilles Gaggia perfects the espresso machine with a piston that creates a high-pressure extraction to produce a thick layer of crema.
By 2000 coffee is one of the world's most-consumed beverages, with more than 450 billion cups being drunk each year!